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2013-05-08 08:51:40
Untag Telah Luluskan 35.000 Sarjana
2013-05-08 08:51:25
FKIP Untirta Gelar Gebyar Hardiknas 2013
2013-05-08 08:50:53
Hasil penelitian wajib disertai sosialisasi

Publikasi Penelitian Dosen

Free Radicals Scavenging Activities of Spices and Curcumin
Abstrak

Antioxidants possess ability to protect body from damage caused by free radical-induced oxidative stress. In order to evaluate the antioxidant activity of spice ethanol extracts of cucurmin has been used as positive control. Antioxidant activities have been determined by measuring 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) scavenging activity of spice extracts including turmeric (Curcuma longa L. ), white saffron (Curcuma mangga Val.), temulawak (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb), ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe). Ten concentrations of extracts 100; 50; 25; 12.5; 6.25; 3.125; 1.563; 0.781; 0.391 and 0.195 μg/mL were performed to determine the DPPH and H2O2 scavenging activities. Results showed that Inhibitory Concentrations (IC)-50 of DPPH were as followed C. longa 8.33 μg/mL; C. mangga 277.79; C. xanthorrhiza 39.58 μg/mL μg/m; Z. officinale 10.51 μg/mL; and curcumin 7.85 μg/mL. Meanwhile, the highest H2O2 scavenging activity each extract were as followed C. longa 55.82%, C. mangga 44.52%, C. xanthorrhiza 49.04%, Z. officinale 46.21 and curcumin 52.77%. In our current study, C. longa extract showed the highest antioxidant activity among all tested extracts and the lowest antioxidant activity was C. mangga. C. longa could be a potential candidate to inhibit the oxidative stress.


Keywords: DPPH, antioxidant, free radical, hydrogen peroxide, C. longa, C. mangga, C. xanthorrhiza, Z. officinale , curcumin

Penulis : DIAN RATIH L , Dr., M.Biomed., [PDF File] didownload : 60 x

Detection of Human Immunoglobulin Receptors on Mesenchymal Stem Cell Isolated from Lipoaspirate
Abstrak

Within the last few years, mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) has been reported to have immunomodulator capacity towards autoimmune diseases and to prevent tissue rejection in allogenic transplantation. Many studies have shown MSC’s ability to inhibit T cell proliferation and to induce immunosuppressive microenvironment through the production of prostaglandins, and interleukin-10. Moreover, it has been reported that MSC also has a capability in reducing circulating autoantibody in autoimmune patients following MSC transfusion. So far, there has been no report stating the presence of Fc receptors (receptors for immunoglobulin) on MSCs. Therefore, the aim of this study is to know whether MSCs isolated from lipoaspirate express FcγRs by measuring transcription of mRNA of FcγRs, The MSCs was isolated from lipoaspirate, cultured in suitable medium and confirmed to be MSC according to the criteria published by International Society for Cellular Therapy. Total mRNA of MSC was isolated, and detection of human FcγR1, FcγR2a and FcγR2b mRNA was performed in a thermocycler. The result of this study showed that at the first passage of MSCs, FcγRs mRNA was detected. However the expression was no longer present after more than 4 passages. Further, increased level of FcγRs mRNA expression was detected with the addition of IFNγ in the culture.  This preliminary finding opens a new insight for the understanding of interaction between MSCs and immunoglobulin G through FcgRs.

 

Keywords: mesenchymal stem cell, Fcγ receptor, interferon γ, immunoglobulin G.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Penulis : DIAN RATIH L , Dr., M.Biomed., [PDF File] didownload : 36 x

Efek Imunosupresi Sel Punca Mesenkimal Melalui Peran Enzim Indoleamin 2,3-dioksigenase (IDO)
Abstrak

 

  Enzim indoleamin-2,3-dioksigenase (IDO) adalah enzim penting pada katabolisme triptofan dan derivat indoleamin lain. IDO memecah triptofan dan derivat indoleamin lain menjadi produk antara kinurenin. Enzim ini diekspresikan pada jaringan manusia dan hewan khususnya pada jaringan limfoid dan plasenta. Sel-sel imun seperti makrofag dan sel dendritik mengekspresikan IDO. Beberapa penelitian menyebutkan bahwa ekspresi IDO bertanggungjawab terhadap efek tolerogenik sistem imun. Penghambatan terhadap aktivitas IDO dapat berakibat meningkatnya reaktivitas respon imun. Sebaliknya peningkatan aktivitas IDO dapat meningkatkan efek tolerogenik sistem imun. Peningkatan efek tolerogenik ini dibutuhkan diantaranya untuk menunjang keberhasilan tindakan transplantasi jaringan dari donor yang berbeda. Sel punca mesenkimal adalah sel punca yang dapat diisolasi dari sumsum tulang, jaringan lemak, dan darah. Sel punca mesenkimal telah terbukti mampu mengurangi risiko terjadinya reaksi penolakan transplantasi jaringan. Pada percobaan in vitro, ditemukan  adanya sekresi IDO bila sel punca mesenkimal dikultur bersama dengan  limfosit yang berasal dari 2 donor yang berbeda. Tulisan ini membahas tentang peran IDO dalam respon imun dan hubungannya dengan efek imunosupresi dari sel punca mesenkimal.

 

Kata kunci : Indoleamin-2,3-dioksigenase, sel punca mesenkimal, imunosupresi

 

 

Penulis : DIAN RATIH L , Dr., M.Biomed., [PDF File] didownload : 60 x

Application of Modified Method for Stem Cell Isolation from Lipoaspirates in a basic lab
Abstrak

Abstract

Lipoaspirate, a wasted by product from liposuction procedure recently has been shown to contain abundant mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). A simplified method which is suitable to be performed in a basic laboratory will facilitate development of stem cell research in developing countries.  Digesting with collagenase type I, followed by a basic filtration method and purification by cell culture could isolate MSCs which fulfill the minimum criteria according Mesenchymal and Tissue Stem Cell Committee of the International Society of Cell Therapy. The procedure was practicable to be performed within a basic laboratory. The outcomes from this study are expected to encourage the progress of stem cell research in Indonesia.

 

Penulis : DIAN RATIH L , Dr., M.Biomed., [PDF File] didownload : 52 x

PENGARUH PEMBERIAN EKSTRAK BUAH MAHKOTA DEWA (PHALERIA MACROCARPA (SCHEFF.)BOERL.) TERHADAP PENURUNAN KADAR ASAM URAT TIKUS PUTIH YANG DIINDUKSI DENGAN SARI PATI AYAM
Abstrak

Usaha penurunan kadar asam urat darah dalam jangka waktu yang panjang dengan cara mengurangi produksi atau meningkatkan ekskresi asam urat. Selama ini obat yang digunakan untuk menurunkan asam urat darah adalah alopurinol. Untuk mencari alternative bahan penurun asam urat maka dilakukan penelitian antihiperurisemia terhadap buah mahkota dewa (Phaleria macrocarpa (Scheff.) Boerl.) terhadap kadar asam urat tikus putih yang dibuat tinggi dengan cara pemberian sari pati ayam. Tikus diberi asupan sari pati ayam selama 21 hari, pada hari ke 22 sampai dengan 28 tikus kelompok dosis rendah, sedang , tinggi diberi ekstrak etanol buah mahkota dewa dengan dosis19,1 mg/200g BB, 38,2mg/200g BB,  57,3mg/200g BB. Sebagai pembanding digunakan alopurinol dosis 5,4 mg/200g BB. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa pemberian ekstrak etanol buah mahkota dewa dapat menurunkan kadar asam urat namun secara statistic tidak bermakna Efektifitas penurunan kadar asam urat ekstrak buah mahkota dewa dosis rendah, sedang dan tinggi berturut-turut adalah sebagai berikut 17,72 %, 21,72 %, dan 20,57 %. Potensi penurunan kadar asam urat bila dibandingkan dengan kontrol positif alopurinol menunjukkan nilai berturut-turut hanya 19,50 %, 23,90 % dan 22,64 %. Mahkota dewa dapat diperhitungkan sebagai obat untuk menjaga kadar asam urat tetap normal.

 

Kata kunci : Asam Urat, buah mahkota dewa, Phaleria macrocarpa

Penulis : DIAN RATIH L , Dr., M.Biomed., [PDF File] didownload : 62 x

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