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2013-05-08 08:51:40
Untag Telah Luluskan 35.000 Sarjana
2013-05-08 08:51:25
FKIP Untirta Gelar Gebyar Hardiknas 2013
2013-05-08 08:50:53
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Publikasi Penelitian Dosen

Green Drying Chamber By Using Vibration Components, Heat Exchanger and Micro Hydro in Buton Island, Indonesia
Abstrak

GREEN DRYING CHAMBER BY USING VIBRATION COMPONENTS,

HEAT EXCHANGER AND MICRO HYDRO IN BUTON ISLAND, INDONESIA

 

La Ode Mohammad Firman

Pancasila University, Jakarta, Indonesia

Email: zhudfncri@gmail.com

 

Abstract

 

The function of vibration is to smooth the flow of hot air into the agricultural commodities which was put on the drying trays, so during drying process the doors of green drying chamber were not necessarily to be opened. The vibration components were placed just below the drying trays and consist of electrical motor, spring, total mass and unbalance mass which was connected to the motor shaft. Usually drying chamber for agricultural commodities took electrical energy from government company to operate mean and infrastructure, for example: pump, blower, Fan and other components. Thats why drying process on drying chamber was depend on electrical energy from government. The Green drying chamber for this research will not take electrical energy from government company because Buton island has many rivers and water power in Buton river will be changed to electrical energy by using micro hydro power plant. The objective of this research is to perform analysis about vibration, heat transfer, water power and green drying chamber for sustainable water use and agricultural development at Buton island, Indonesia. This research uses analysis and experimental methods and cashew nuts as sample of agricultural commodity in the drying chamber, The total length of the green drying chamber is 4.83 m and its drying chamber has a dimension of: Length 4 m, Width 3 m, and Height 2 m. Based on the experimental result before, the effective motion of the samples being dried occured at angular speed near its natural frequency and the final moisture content of vibrated samples was lower than the samples without vibration. The results of this research for vibration analysis was almost the same as experimental result. Heat Transfer analysis was obtained that the average air temperature in the drying chamber could be achieved by the utilization of a flat plate heat exchanger. This flat plate heat exchanger was made of aluminum plate with a thickness of each plate of 1 mm. Water Power analysis was obtained that Buton river had a Potential Head, Hp 47 m, Capacity, 0 0.9 m3/s, Design Capacity, Qd 0.35 m3/s, Water Power, Ph = 161.3 kW, Electrical Power Output, Pg 99.4 kW and then electrical power output more than required electrical energy by a green drying chamber.

 

Keywords: Vibration, Heat, Water Power, Drying

Penulis : , [PDF File] didownload : 27 x

Analisis, Simulasi dan Percobaan Getaran pada Mesin Pengering Ramah Lingkungan
Abstrak

Analisis, Simulasi dan Percobaan Getaran

 pada Mesin Pengering Ramah Lingkungan

Analysis, Simulation and Experimental of Vibration
on Green Dryer Machine

 

La Ode Mohammad Firman, Program Studi Magister Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Pancasila, Jakarta Selatan,

E-mail: button_island@yahoo.com

 

Abstract

 

The observation was found that dryer machines for various agricultural commodities were  ineffective. The using of vibration system for moving agricultural commodities such as cashew nuts were on the shelf could not be moved optimally.  Beside that most of the surface of cashew nuts were on the shelf could not get hot air flow, so that on a specific moment cashew nuts must be taken out from the drying chamber to be manually moved. The previous study by using an unbalance mass and a piston engine explained that the spring load on dryer machine was too large, so that the spring used as pedestal of shelves would be broken fastly. Futhermore the previous study only did research on ratio of angular speed and natural frequency, r < 1. To solve the problems of the dryer machines and to develope the results of previous study, then it needs to do the study about: analysis, simulation and experimental of vibration. Beside that the study only uses an unbalance mass and the ratio of angular speed and natural frequency is r > 1. General purpose of this study is to do analysis, simulation and experimental of vibration on green dryer machine by using  unbalance mass. The study uses observation, literature study, analysis, simulation and experimental methods and cashew nuts as the commodity tested on the each shelf. The experimental results explained that the spring would not quickly broken and the vibration optimally was found on condition of the vibration approached resonance, namely: r = 1.004 to 1.31.

 

Keywords: Vibration, analysis, simulation, experimental.

Penulis : , [PDF File] didownload : 82 x

Optimasi Desain Alat Pengering Ikan Air Tawar kapasitas 20 kg sampai 200 kg memanfaatkan Tenaga Surya dan Biomassa
Abstrak

OPTIMASI DESAIN ALAT PENGERING IKAN AIR TAWAR

KAPASITAS 20 KG SAMPAI 200 KG MEMANFAATKAN TENAGA

SURYA DAN BIOMASA

 

La Ode Mohammad Firman, Rendi

Program Studi Magister Teknik Mesin Universitas Pancasila, Jakarta

 

Abstrak

 

Salah satu metode memperpanjang umur simpan ikan adalah dengan cara menurunkan kadar air hingga di bawah 40%. Proses pengeringan secara alami mempunyai beberapa kekurangan seperti: waktu yang lama, perlu beberapa kali proses perbalikan dan kurang higienis. Sedangkan permasalahan pada alat pengering surya adalah kemampuan alat pengering untuk mengeringkan sangat terbatas oleh fluktuasi radiasi surya. Berdasarkan hal diatas maka akan diteliti alat pengering tipe rak yang memadukan pemanasan dan energi surya dan tungku pemanas. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode full facktorial eksperimen yaitu mengkombinasi tertentu dan faktor-faktor desain yang akan menghasilkan suatu kondisi desain yang paling optimal. Berdasarkan hash perhitungan yang dilakukan secara empiris dengan kapasitas 200 kg diperoleh: Desain koletkor surya yang paling optimal yaitu didesain dengan keminngan 1O°, membenkan sudut Zenit 16°, sudut Azimut 86°dan luas kolektor 32 m. Desain wang pengering yang paling optimal yaltu didesain dengan kecepatan udara 1.9 m/s, lebar ruang pengering 1.7 m dan luas ruang pengering 2.89 m memberikan penurunan kadar air komoditi 6.67 kg/h. Desain APK yang paling optimal yaitu didesain dengan diameter tube 0.028 m, panjang tube 0.7 m. Susunan tube 60° dan diameter shell 0.27 m.

 

Kata Kunci: Pengeringan, dimensi, optimasi

Penulis : , [PDF File] didownload : 27 x

Analisis Triming Impeller terhadap Head dan Capacity
Abstrak

ANALISIS TRIMMING IMPELLER TERHADAP HEAD DAN CAPACITY

 

Faras Dwi Anjani, La Ode M Firman

Program Studi Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Tekink

Universitas Pancasila, Jakarta

e-mail: button_island@yahoo.com

 

 

Abstract

 

Trimming impeller will give correction more for customer needed. The purpose of Trimming impeller is to find head and capacity of centrifugal pump according to customer needed. That’s why, in energy saving and cost saving trimming impeller is very important for pump companies and customer. The purpose of this research is to analyze the influence of trimming impeller toward head and capacity and this condation will influence saving cost and energy cost. To find the best result, this research use direct observation, analyze, and experiment.   Head pump before trimming is and after trimming is . The value of Capacity before  trimming is , and after trimming is  Energy saving will be found  and  cost saving will be found

 

Keywords: Trimming impeller, Head and Capacity, cost saving and energy saving

Penulis : , [PDF File] didownload : 27 x

Analisa Pompa Pemadam kebakaran berkapasitas 0,047 m3/s dengan tekanan 680 kPa sesuai standar NFPA 20
Abstrak

ANALISA POMPA PEMADAM KEBAKARAN

BERKAPASITAS 0.047 m3/s

DENGAN TEKANAN 680 kPa  SESUAI STANDAR NFPA 20

 

Dhonny Bramanto, LM Firman

Program Studi Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik

Universitas Pancasila, Jakarta

 

 

Abstrak

 

            Pompa merek EBARA kini telah mempunyai lima tipe pompa pemadam kebakaran yang telah tersertifikasi NFPA 20. Namun tipe yang sudah ada belum dapat memenuhi semua kebutuhan pelanggan akan pompa pemadam kebakaran. Model pompa yang dibutuhkan saat ini adalah untuk mengisi jangkauan kerja 0.047 m3/s (750 USGPM) pada tekanan 680 kPa (68 meter). Namun desain impeller, poros, dan bantalan perlu dianalisa agar sesuai standar NFPA 20.Analisa dimulai dengan mengidentifikasi masalah yang terjadi kemudian dilanjutkan dengan studi pustaka dan studi lapangan juga mengumpulkan data model pompa Ebara yang ada. Pompa dipilih dari model end suction dengan kecepatan 1450 rpm yang kemudian dikonversi pada kecepatan 2900 rpm. Pada akhirnya terpilih pompa merek Ebara dengan model 150x125 FSHA . Setelah itu dilakukan analisa pada desain pompa yang meliputi analisa impeller, poros, dan bantalan. Dari hasil analisa, pompa model 150x125 FSHA dapat dijadikan pompa pemadam kebakaran dengan standar NFPA 20 namun perlu dilakukan modifikasi impeller pada bagian lubang poros yaitu menjadi diameter 39 mm. Poros dimodifikasi menjadi diameter 39 mm pada bagian impeller, 40 mm pada bagian segel poros, 44 mm pada bagian antara, 40 mm pada bagian bantalan, dan 39 mm pada bagian kopling. Sedangkan kecepatan kritis ada pada kecepatan 2344.52 rpm yang berarti jauh dari kecepatan kerja yaitu 2900 rpm sehingga poros dapat dikatakan aman digunakan.Bantalan diganti bantalan deep groove ball bearing berkode 6308 ZZ dengan umur 42353.875 jam untuk bantalan 1 (dekat kopling) dan bantalan angular contact ball bearing berkode 7308 BDB dengan umur  27259.57 jam untuk bantalan 2 (dekat impeller)

 

Kata kunci: Pompa, NFPA 20, Impeller, Poros, Bantalan

Penulis : , [PDF File] didownload : 78 x

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