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2013-05-08 08:51:40
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2013-05-08 08:51:25
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2013-05-08 08:50:53
Hasil penelitian wajib disertai sosialisasi

Publikasi Penelitian Dosen

College Students' Academic Motivation: A Descriptive Study
Abstrak

Academic motivation plays a vital role in the process of learning. There are three types of academic motivation: intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation and amotivation. Students with intrinsic motivation are more enthusiastic, self driven and feel pleasure in their studies than students with extrinsic motivation. However, it is difficult to find while students’ motivation fluctuated along the learning proccess. The aim of the current study is to investigate the difference of academic motivation among psychology students in Universitas Pancasila, Jakarta. There were as many as 271 psychology students from batch 2012-2016 carried out in this study. Respondents completed the demographic questions and 26 items of The Academic Motivation Scale (AMS). The result revealed there was a significant difference in intrinsic motivation based on year of study, while extrinsic and amotivation did not show any difference. Students of year 2016 has the highest intrinsic motivation among other years of study, but students of year 2014 showed the result otherwise. This result suggests that first year-students should be given opportunities to get involved in more challenging learning activities through appropriate feedback in order to maintain their intrinsic motivation.This result provides strong explanation about academic motivation in college students’ learning process. 


 

Penulis : CHARYNA AYU , DR. [PDF File] didownload : 649 x

PENGARUH STRATEGI SCAFFOLDING TERHADAP PENYELESAIAN MASALAH PADA ANAK-ANAK USIA PRASEKOLAH
Abstrak

Abstract : The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of three different strategies (contingent, demo & swing) for teaching 3 to 6 years old preschool children. One  experiment were done addressing issues related to preschooler’s problem solving. This study highlighted a number of functions performed by the instructor in helping the child how to master a difficult task after the instructions were given by resembling eight pieces puzzle with different shapes and colours. These strategies were derived from previous studies of four face-to-face teaching strategies by Wood, Wood & Middleton (1978). The assumption of this study was the children taught by Scaffolding or we called contingent strategy were more capable to complete the task after the instruction than two other strategies in both session instruction and post. Data were analyzed using one way ANOVA.The result showed that there was significant differences of assistance between the three strategies in both session, intervention session (F=20.846; p<.05) and post intervention session (F=3.487; p<0.5). Moreover, children taught contingently demanded the least help than two other strategies and they were capable on performing the majority of the task alone. Implications of the study further suggest the importance of team work in creating successful learning process.

 

Key words: scaffolding, the zone of proximal development, problem solving, contingent, demo, swing

Penulis : CHARYNA AYU , DR. [PDF File] didownload : 649 x

Psychological Well Being of Street Volunteers in School Master Indonesia
Abstrak

School Master (Masjid Terminal) Indonesia is a free school for poor and children who are unable to pay their school tuition. This school has been produced some alumnus whose has high motivation and some also have continued their school until university. This school was also much assited by the alumnus, which is the street children who are willing to volunteer in the school. Based on observation, this street children volunteers have high motivation to achieve a better life without abandoning their responsibility in contributing to the community. Based on those conditions, this research aims to gain an overview of the psychological well being of street children volunteers belonging to the School Master Indonesia (SMI). Psychological well being is composed of six dimensions, i.e. self-acceptance, positive relations with others, autonomy, environmental mastery, purpose in life and personal development. This study uses qualitative research and two respondents were former street children aged around 18 years who now are on the SMI and served as a community volunteer. The results obtained in this study are both participants have factors that affect their psychological well being. Both participants showed a good ability in terms of independence, positive relations with others, purpose in life, personal growth and self-acceptance. Meanwhile, in terms of mastery of the environment, both participants have difficulty in managing time between activities are undertaken with personal life. The results of this study shows an overview that how good the psychological well being of volunteer street children can’t be separated from the curriculum and structured activities in SMI.

Key word: street children, psychological well being, volunteer

 

Penulis : CHARYNA AYU , DR. [PDF File] didownload : 649 x

The Resistance to Peer Pressure and Parental Bonding: An Islamic Perspective in Raising Adolescents
Abstrak

Abstract

In Islam, children are considered as amanah. Parents are not only providing protection, food and clothing, but also have any other huge responsibilities to raise children in terms of akhlak. When children move into teenage years, parents are a source of care and emotional support, such as guiding their teenagers from harmful behavior at school. This study examined the relationship of susceptibility to peer pressure and adolescents’ views of their parents’ care and control in terms of parental bonding. In this research, two surveys-the Resistant to Peer Influence Scale (RPI) and Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) were carried out on 226 senior high school and college students in Jakarta. Data were analyzed using chi-square to examine the relationship between two categorical variables. Results indicate that the resistance to peer pressure and parental bonding was correlated, both of father and mother. In particular, the fathers and mothers were higher on the control dimension than the care dimension, which showed further that mostly respondents were on affectionless control (low care, high control). This findings yielded the existing conditions which is contrary taught by Islam, where parents should be having responsibilities for the care and upbringing of their children as mentioned in several verses of the Qur’an.

 

Keywords: resistance to peer pressure, parental bonding, care, control

Penulis : CHARYNA AYU , DR. [PDF File] didownload : 649 x

Perbandingan bingkai-bingkai tanggungjawab sosial dalam laman web korporat malaysia dan indonesia
Abstrak

Pengamalan konsep tanggungjawab sosial merupakan satu aktiviti yang tidak dapat dielakkan dalam profesion perhubungan awam di Malaysia atau hubungan masyarakat di Indonesia. Dalam dunia perniagaan, perusahaan yang berjaya memperoleh saham pendapat publik tidak terlepas dari memberi perhatian terhadap konsep ini. Malahan, terdapat syarat-syarat yang telah ditentukan kepada syarikat yang ingin disenaraikan dalam Bursa Malaysia adalah mempraktikkan tanggungjawab sosial korporat atau singkatannya CSR (corporate social responsibility) dengan menekankan nilai moral dan penghormatan terhadap persekitaran atau lingkungan, komuniti, pekerja dan pemegang saham. Walaupun kerajaan Indonesia belum lagi membuat pedoman yang boleh menjelaskan bentuk-bentuk kegiatan CSR untuk perusahaan di negara tersebut. Tidak kurang juga organisasi telah lama mempraktikkannya dalam bentuk peran serta dan kepedulian terhadap aspek sosial dan persekitaran. Memandangkan nilai utama dalam konsep CSR adalah melakukan kebaikan untuk semua pihak, namun penekan oleh pihak tertentu adalah berbeza mengikut kepentingan masing-masing. Persoalannya apakah perusahaan yang ternama di kedua-dua negara tersebut memberi fokus yang sama kepada nilai universal ataupun menekan aspek yang dapat memberi kepentingan kepada perniagaan masing-masing. Kajian ini membandingkan bingkai-bingkai mesej yang ditonjolkan oleh perusahaan multinasional yang ternama di Malaysia dan Indonesia. Laman web merupakan media baru yang interaktif dan memudahkan organisasi dalam penyampaian mesej kepada publik yang ingin ditujui. Analisis teks terhadap kandungan dalam laman web dua buah organisasi yang terpilih dilakukan. Prosedur analisis adalah mengikut panduan empat fungsi pembingkaian iaitu definisi konsep CSR, penyebab kepada pengamalan CSR, pertimbangan moral dalam melakukan CSR, dan penyelesaian atau aktiviti yang dijalankan. Perbandingan dalam aspek persamaan dan perbezaan dari segi persembahan teks dan grafik diteliti oleh pengkaji. Beberapa aspek bingkai mesej yang ditonjolkan memang jelas menunjukkan bagaimana sesebuah organisasi telah memberi fokus dan seterusnya membuat penghuraian yang lebih lanjut terhadap aktiviti-aktiviti CSR. Pada ketika yang sama, terdapat juga mesej-mesej tersisih dari penyampaian kandungan CSR.  Pembingkaian mesej merupakan strategi dalam perhubungan awam atau hubungan masyarakat, ia tidak dapat dielakkan kerana ruangan media adalah terhad dan mesej yang ingin dimuatkan dalam media haruslah padat dan tepat. Maka dari segi menentukan pandangan publik terhadap organisasi juga haruslah menekankan kepada aspek yang boleh mendatangkan kepentingan kepada organisasi tersebut.

 

Kata kunci: Perhubungan awam, media baru, pembingkaian mesej, tanggungjawab sosial korporat.

 

Penulis : DIAH FEBRINA, M.Soc.Sc [PDF File] didownload : 15 x

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